Tax Planning For Portability

What is the difference between tax planning and tax avoidance?

Tax planning vs tax avoidanceAn assessee can reduce his/her tax liability, by legitimate means, in two ways – tax planning and tax avoidance. The tax planning is described as the arrangement of financial activities in a way that the assessee can avail maximum tax benefit by making best possible use of all the legal benefits, i..e deductions, exemptions etc.

On the other hand, the tax avoidance is a technique of refraining from tax liability, through just and fair means, but intends to defeat the fundamental motive of the legislature. The dividing line amidst the two concepts is thin and blur.

The difference between tax planning and tax avoidance primarily depends on the difference in benefits that are availed to minimise tax burden. So, take a look at this article which might help you understand the two terms in detail.

Definition of Tax Planning

By the term ‘tax planing’ we mean the arrangement of one’s financial affairs in such a way that utmost tax benefits can be availed. This can be done by applying the majority of advantageous provisions which are permissible by law and entitles the assessee to obtain the benefit of the deductions, exemptions, credits, concessions, rebates and reliefs so that the incidence of tax on the assessee would be minimum.

Tax planning is an art of logically planning one’s financial affairs, in such a manner that benefit of all eligible provisions of the taxation law can be availed effectively so as to reduce or defer tax liability. As tax planning follows an honest approach, by conforming to those provisions which fall within the framework of the taxation law.

Definition of Tax Avoidance

Tax avoidance implies any arrangement of financial activities, though done within the legal framework, overpowers the basic intention of the law. It involves taking benefit of the shortcomings in the statute, by deliberately parking the financial affairs in a way that it neither violates the tax law nor it attracts more tax.

Tax avoidance includes cases, wherein the assessee seemingly mislead the law, without making an offence. And to do so, the tax payer uses any scheme or arrangement, which reduces, defers and even completely prevents the payment of tax. This may also be done by shifting of tax liability to another person, so as to minimise the incidence of tax.

Methods of Tax Avoidance

Tax Avoidance is a way of avoiding tax payment in a manipulative manner. A taxpayer can avoid tax payment by indulging into different activities such as:

  • Hiding facts
  • Creation sham transactions without reflecting the true purpose
  • Make fictitious contracts or transactions
  • Mold actions without falsification of the accounts

Steps of Tax Planning

  • Early Planning: Most of the taxpayers start their paperwork when the due date of filing the tax return is close. Thus, taxpayers are encouraged to plan their tax savings early to have a better estimate of the investments and benefits that can be claimed by them.
  • Tax Liability: It is the step of the actual calculation of taxability based on income and after claiming all the rebates and deductions. Preparing an estimate of tax liability beforehand can also help in structuring the investment and savings part.
  • Risk level: This step involves estimating the optimal level of investment risk as per the current financial situation of the taxpayer. Following factors have to be considered for risk profile:
  • The risk associated with the amount of expected return
  • Level of risk that the taxpayer is ready to undertake
  • Level of risk that is acceptable by the taxpayer

Key Differences Between Tax Planning and Tax Avoidance

The difference between tax planning and tax avoidance can be drawn clearly on the following grounds:

  • Tax planning refers to a mechanism through which one can intelligently plan his/her financial affairs in such a manner that all the eligible deductions, exemptions and allowances, as per law, can be enjoyed. Tax avoidance is an act of intentionally structuring one’s financial affairs, in such a way that his tax liability is minimum or even nil.
  • While tax planning is both legal and moral, tax avoidance is legally correct, but it is an immoral act.
  • Tax planning is basically savings of tax. Conversely, tax avoidance is hedging of tax.
  • Tax avoidance is accomplished with a malafide motive. On the flip side, tax planning has the element of bonafide motive.
  • Tax planning aims at reducing tax liability, by practising the script and moral of law. As against this, tax avoidance aims at minimising tax liability, by practising the script of law only.
  • Tax planning is permissible by law, as it involves adhering to the provisions of tax. In contrast, tax avoidance is not permissible by law as it attempts to take advantage of the defects in the law.
  • Tax planning uses the advantages, provided by the law to the assessee. Unlike tax avoidance, which uses the loop holes of the law.
  • The benefits of tax planning can be seen in the long run. On the contrary, the benefits of tax avoidance are for short term only.

Tax evasion is deemed as tax fraud

Tax evasion is any illegal method or unlawful attempt to reduce tax liability of taxpayers. It is highly attached to techniques or illicit practices which results in showing fewer profits to minimize the individual or company’s tax burden.

Examples of tax evasion usually are the followings:

  • Making false statements and information
  • Inflating deductions without legal proof
  • Hiding related documents to prove the actually earned business profits like records of transactions or report of cash income
  • Concealing or transferring assets illegally
  • Magnifying tax credit
  • Claiming excessive expenditure

Tax evasion can be deemed as a form of tax fraud which indicates illegitimate and deliberate actions for not paying tax. Due to the fact that employing such unfair means is fraudulent, any taxpayers regardless of individual or business committing tax evasion behaviors would be prosecuted for offence and must be subject to stringent punishments of a heavy fine or imprisonment.

Moving Pod Versus Local Moving Truck Rental

What things not to pack when moving: List of non-allowables

Take a look at your moving checklist and try to find the one task that will you keep you rather busy from the very first day of the preparation period all the way until the day of your actual home move.

Under normal circumstances, you shouldn’t have any troubles identifying the most time-consuming job in your moving timeline because, without a doubt, it’ll be the job of packing for a move. The good news here is that thanks to the large number and great variety of high-quality packing tips that we offer, you should able to handle the packing task like a pro packer.

And now, let’s turn your attention to something important that you may or may not know: there are certain items professional movers won’t take due to their hazardous or perishable nature. As a result, there’s a good amount of things not to pack when moving – the so-called non-allowable items, or simply non-allowables.

Why there are items movers won’t move

The short answer to why there are items that moving companies do not transport is SAFETY. Moving day safety is critical, especially when all types of household items are being relocated hundreds or even thousands of miles across the entire country.

The major reasons why movers won’t move some items are:

Hazardous items (see below) may damage the rest of the loaded household items for transport. Some dangerous goods may even damage the moving truck itself;

Dangerous items may pose serious risks to all the people involved in the house move, including to you and your family members;

Perishables (mostly various types of foods) will go bad during transport and may make a huge mess;

Pets and plants won’t normally survive a long distance move across the country.

The Ultimate Moving Checklist

There’s nothing that can raise blood pressure and stress levels quite like moving. And while you might not be able to remove all the anxiety, you can certainly dramatically reduce it by planning ahead.

For the most part, you probably know when you need to move as it correlates with your lease. This means you can start planning at least six weeks in advance of the actual move-date if not sooner. With that said, your timeline might be shortened due to extenuating circumstances (hey, we’ve all been there).

Six Weeks Before

Go through your apartment and start purging your belongings. It’s amazing how much stuff you accumulate even after a year of living in location. Go through every room and start getting rid of items you don’t need

Make a moving binder of everything from your estimates to an inventory of the items you’re moving. It might seem tedious, but it’s much easier to refer back to something when everything is in one place

Create a floor plan of your new apartment. If the broker or landlord don’t provide you with layout, then bring your measuring tape and create one yourself. Make sure to also measure your doorway, elevator or stairway to make sure all of your furniture will fit. Armed with measurements, you can plan out exactly what furniture to bring and how you’ll arrange the place, saving you quite a lot of time when it comes to unpacking

Research movers. Yes, you can go the budget way and move yourself, but why deal with the stress of traffic and parking when you can hire a professional? There are a variety of movers available so do your research and find one that matches your budget and requirements. Some movers will only offer the bare minimum while others provide a more extensive service where they’ll even put together your furniture

Set aside money for the move. You don’t want to be surprised by any sudden costs so plan out your budget thoroughly. Factor in costs like boxes, supplies (tape, scissors, etc), moving insurance, moving company, travel cost for you and so on

Pick your move-in date. Chances are you’re moving in on the 1st of the month, but there might be some cases where you have some flexibility with your move-in date. If that’s the case, try to move on a Friday as you can then spend the weekend unpacking

Take time off work. Don’t surprise your work with sudden time off. Let them know in advance that you’re planning on taking a day or two off work to move.

Book your movers. The further in advance you can do this the better, especially if you’re moving during peak season from May through September

When you call them make sure to do the following:

Any additional services you’d like such as assembling furniture, sending packing supplies, extra stops, etc.

Carefully read the contract

Purchase moving insurance to cover your belongings

Get written confirmation of moving date and costs and store this email/document in a cloud storage system like Dropbox or Google Drive

If you have kids, you’ll want to talk to their school to let them know of their transfer so they can send over the new school their transcripts

things I wish I’d known before I moved amid the COVID-19 pandemic

Moving during a pandemic? It can be done. Carefully, thoughtfully and exhaustingly. The coronavirus crisis has gripped the USA since March and shows no signs of abating. And although much of normal life has changed or ceased, there are things that have to go on, like moving.

Maybe your lease is up. Maybe you need to combine your household with others in your family for financial reasons. Maybe you were already in the process of changing homes and you can’t put it off.

Whatever the reason, many of you, like me and my husband, will have to brave this huge life change under difficult circumstances. It was not easy to maintain precautions against COVID-19 while packing, working with movers and combining households.

Buy more packing materials than you need. A lot more.

I try to minimize single-use plastic and other disposable products for the sake of the environment, but I should have thought more about the risks of last-minute trips to the hardware store during the pandemic.

Check out the pandemic procedures at local donation sites

Moving usually means sorting through your belongings and shedding items you no longer use. But dropping off a bag of clothes at Goodwill isn’t as simple as it was before.

Why Movers?

worked hard over the years to become the moving company of choice, meeting and exceeding our customers’ expectations every day with the highest quality customer service and care.

Unmatched service

From basic moves to the white-glove treatment, do it all. With packing services and quality packing supplies, trained experts use the utmost care in packing and unpacking your valuable items to ensure everything is well protected. If you’re moving fragile or vintage pieces of furniture, leave it to know how to protect your belongings from damage. professional movers roll out the red carpet and go the extra mile to make sure all your belongings arrive at your new home in the exact condition as when they left.

State-of-the-art training

One of the biggest reasons why Movers are preferred moving company is that each of employees are professionally trained and they go through an intensive training program unlike any other. call it an on-site training facility where moving staff receives intensive instruction and practice in the careful handling of customer’s belongings. Every employee is thoroughly trained before ever participating in a move, and all employees are required to revisit the training facility for continued instruction throughout the year. have one the lowest claims percentages in the country because make sure professional movers do the job right the first time.


Simply put, no job is too big or too small, and Movers applies the same standard of excellence to every move make. Whether you’re switching apartments or moving your offices to a new building, have the time and resources to handle it. Whether you’re moving across town, making a long distance move or relocating overseas, professional movers will get your belongings there, on time and intact.


At Movers, believe in doing an excellent job for a fair price, and don’t believe in surprising customers with hidden charges or fees. We’ll come on-site for a free estimate of what your moving services might cost.

Local and Long Distance Moving Company

Local Movers – Furniture movers – Licensed & Insured moving company

moving services include the disassembly/reassembly and protection of the furniture. (Mattresses and box springs will be plastic-wrapped at no additional charge if doing a residential move).

do NOT have any cancellation or rescheduling fees (and moving quote includes truck fee)

Residential and Commercial moving services

hope you were looking for an appliance, electronics, and furniture movers with excellent reviews. Commercial or residential movers that can actually move everything. From piano moving to antiques and everything in between

can move grandfather clocks, file cabinets, pinball machines, ping-pong tables, refrigerators, washers, dryers, china cabinets, marble tables, exercise equipment, and even heavy safes.

Yes, we are gun safe movers that always show up with the right equipment, the required experience, and the correct amount of movers. So, helping you move a treadmill, a heavy dresser or a sofa will never be a problem.  (Even if furniture hoisting service is required)

The Pros And Cons Of Hardwood Flooring For Your Home

Preparing for Hardwood Floor Installation

First order of business was to remove all of the furniture, and then cut the carpet into four sections of 36-in. strips. This made it easy to roll the carpet into manageable strips and carry to the trash bin.

Once the carpet was removed we removed all of the carpet tack strips, swept the floor thoroughly and then installed 2-in. deck screws into the subfloor and floor joists approximately every 24 in. to help eliminate to possibility of flooring squeaks.

Flooring Moisture Content

Hardwood flooring needs to acclimate in the rooms where it is going to be installed for several days to allow it to adjust to temperature and humidity. Otherwise, if installed without acclimating, gaps and/or buckling may occur. Many contractors suggest leaving the wood on the jobsite for two weeks to acclimate well in hopes of preventing any issues.

The truth is that some wood flooring may already be at the proper moisture content when delivered. Allowing it to sit in extremely heavy humidity will only cause the wood planks to absorb unwanted moisture.

It’s best to know what the moisture content of your wood planks are at the time of delivery and what the expected moisture content will be in the room when it will be installed. I always ask the manufacturer what the flooring moisture content is and then double check with my moisture meter.

Lay Out the Room

Hardwood flooring should be installed on a solid, structurally sound subfloor. Whenever possible, determine the direction of your floor joists and plan on installing your plank flooring perpendicular to the joists.

Install 15-lb. Kraft paper underlayment on the entire floor, overlapping the roll edges by 3 inches. The Kraft paper acts as a vapor barrier. A utility knife is used to cut around objects like door jambs, radiators or other permanent objects. A few well placed staples hold the Kraft paper in place.

On this installation we were installing the hardwood flooring against the existing room trim so no shoe molding was to be used.

Select a few straight, long boards to start the first row. Using a table saw, rip the grooves off at a 15-degree angle to get the first starter row of planks to fit tight to the wall’s baseboard trim.

Tool setup is Critical

A proper tool setup is critical for installation. Locate your compressor and saw stand in a place where you can conveniently access the tools as well as the work you’re performing.

We took the time to measure from the opposite wall to determine if the room was square. You guessed it—it wasn’t.

Using a tape measure and snapping a layout chalk line a few feet out from the wall we were able to determine if the room was square or not. This is important information when determining how to rip the starter courses.

Your layout chalk line should be exactly parallel to the wall so you can make sure your floor boards are in alignment as you work your way across the floor installing them. From this mark, measure to the opposite wall to check for equal distance at both ends. If it isn’t parallel, the flooring won’t be either, so it may be necessary to slightly adjust your guideline.

It turned out that the starter course needed to be ripped a total of 1/2-in. over the course of 12 feet. Doing this step at the beginning of installation saved us time and aggravation later at the opposite wall, trying to get the last board to fit. We continually check our progress as we cross the room.

All about Nailing or Stapling your flooring down

If your installing 3/4″ thick solid wood flooring you will need to either rent or purchase a larger flooring nailer that is either a manual nailer that you swing and strike the top of the gun with a steel mallet several times to drive the cleat nail.

Or, you can rent or purchase a air assisted pneumatic nail gun and compressor where you strike the top of the nailing gun with a rubber mallet once which activates the air which drives the cleat or staple into the wood. The pneumatic nailer either the cleat nail style or staple style makes the job of nailing the flooring down easier.

Both types of nailers have a guide along the bottom front edge of the gun that keeps it aligned so that they will drive the nail or staple in the proper position along the inside top of the tongue of the boards. Both types of nailers can have an interchangeable base plate for thinner flooring.

When using 1/2″ or thinner solid wood flooring or thinner engineered flooring you will need to rent or purchase an easy pull trigger stapler that is also run by a small compressor to drive staples into the top inside edge of the tongue of the flooring. These type of nailing guns have an adjustable base plate to accommodate different board thicknesses. (Naturally click lock or direct down installations are not nailed.)

When starting the installation the first 2-4 rows of flooring you will not be able to fit in and use either of the nailers noted above. You will have to either pre-drill the boards and hand nail or you can use an air assisted finish nailer that uses a small compressor to drive nails either down through the top of the boards and/or if held at the proper angle blind nail on the inside edge of the tongues of the floor boards this is also true when installing your last rows of flooring against the finishing walls. The installation goes a lot faster using an air assisted finish nailer which uses the same small compressor as the above flooring nailers.

Proper nailing is essential to avoid any problems later. We suggest face nailing every 8 inches along the back side of the starting row and then blind nail every 6-8 inches along the tongue of every board thereafter staying 4 inches in from each end of the board to prevent the splitting of the wood boards.

Tips to Avoid the Pitfalls

Examine your subfloor

If your subfloor is in poor condition, putting down hardwoods won’t help. You need to have a relatively level subfloor, and any changes in height should be less than 3/16″ over a 6′ span. There are a couple different ways to level out a subfloor.

Acclimate the wood

Increased moisture causes wood to expand while less moisture causes wood to contract. This is called wood movement. It’s important for hardwoods to acclimate in the space where they will be installed. Wood that is not fully acclimated will result in gaps during the winter and possibly cupping during the summer. To avoid this, open and spread out the boxes for about a week, and be sure to run the A/C or heat at normal levels. Never store the hardwoods in a moisture rich environment like an unfinished basement.

First Row Must be Straight

It’s very important for the first row of hardwoods to be installed straight as every row after will be laid relative to it. A crooked first row will result in large curves as you progress through the space. Exterior walls are often not square so consider marking a line parallel to an inside wall, opposite of your starting position. Mark the locations of your joists and install the hardwoods perpendicular. Make sure you drive a fastener into a joist at each opportunity. Consider what obstacles, like a fireplace hearth, are present how different starting points will make the job easier.

Top nail and glue the boards

You’ll encounter scenarios where the flooring nailer will not fit, like when laying the last board. Invariably, you’ll need to top nail or face nail these boards. Grab your wood glue and add a bead to the groove of the previous board. Use scrap wood and a pry bar to securely wedge these boards in place. Be sure to hold the finish nailer with adequate force to prevent it from jumping around and marring the surface of the board.

Maintenance Instructions & Helpful Tips

  • Vacuum your floor every week. Fine grit and dust is just like sandpaper and will slowly wear through your wood floor’s finish. So a good vacuuming protects the finish as well as keeps up its appearance.
  • Wipe up spills immediately. Make sure you wipe up spills immediately with a slightly dampened towel.
  • Watch the hairspray and the furniture polish. Both of them can cloud your floor’s finish. Wipe them up immediately with a damp cloth. For a more thorough cleanup, you can spray the area with non-ammonia window cleaner and immediately wipe it up.
  • Keep out the rain. Water can not only ruin the finish on a hardwood floor but can penetrate deep into the wood and stain it. Immediately wipe up any water spill on your hardwood floor.
  • Remove residue with no-wax wood floor cleaner. Wipe up spills and dirt immediately; then use the cleaner to remove the residue. Dirt can damage the finish or get ground in. Liquids can damage the finish or stain the floor.

Down the Road:

Routine maintenance is key to preserving wood floors, so put these three tasks on your to-do list in the future:

Get your floors deep cleaned and add a fresh coat of finish every three to five years. Make sure you know what type of finish your floors already have (oil, wax, urethane) because you’ll need to reapply that same kind.

Whatever you do, resist sliding furniture. Enlist a friend and pick things up to move them.

Every few decades, sand and refinish wood floors to make them look new again. Typically, solid, wood floors can be re-sanded five to ten times during the expected lifespan. The beauty of wood flooring is its ability to become like new with a fresh finishing coat and a deep cleaning. If you’re not sure if it’s time for a fresh finish, check with an expert first.

How To Drywall Repairs And Clean Up Water Damage In Your Home

How to Fix Drywall Patch Marks Showing Through Paint

Drywall is a common material for interior walls and ceilings in buildings and homes. While you can dress the material with a variety of textures and finishes, it is susceptible to dings, dents and scratches and even peeling tape covering the joints. Just painting over an improperly-patched blemish does not cover the problem, as the patch is often still fairly obvious. A better choice is to fix the blemish so that it blends with wall texture surrounding the area to be patched.

Scrape away any loose or raised particles, such as loose seam tape, from the patched area using a putty knife. Tap the area lightly with a flat-faced hammer to create a slight indention and loosen any remaining particles.

Apply a thin coat of drywall compound to the area using a drywall knife. When the area to be patched is a seam, apply a fresh piece of drywall tape over the compound on the seam, and then apply another thin layer of compound over the tape. Allow the compound to dry thoroughly.

Lightly sand the patched area using a drywall sanding pad to lower any slightly raised areas. Then, wipe any dust from the patch and apply a second thin layer of drywall compound, working outward a few inches from the perimeter of the first layer. Allow this layer to dry thoroughly, then repeat, working out a few inches in successive layers until you have completely feathered the patch and cannot see or feel any blemish.

Wipe down the wall and apply a coat of primer to the patched area and about a foot into the painted wall using a medium nap roller. Once the primer has dried thoroughly, apply two coats of finished paint from the same paint can used to paint the wall originally.

Drywall tape – loose, bubbles or wrinkled

Many homes experience loose or wrinkled dry wall tape at some point. Generally it is nothing to be alarmed about and just needs to be touched up or re-taped in a few places.

Drywall tape is normally embedded in drywall compound, usually called “drywall mud” by the tradesmen doing this type of work.

Most common causes

1. Probably the most common cause is that there was insufficient drywall compound applied to the taped joint or improper application. i.e. the tape did not get properly embedded into the mud on a hot summer day.

2. Moisture or dampness may also cause the tape to come loose. If the drywall had a high moisture content when the tape was applied or a high humidity condition came about, then there may be loose tape. Even too much water in a primer coat of paint that has been sprayed on to the drywall in the painting process may contribute to drywall tape coming loose.

3. Bubbles, technically called blisters, (usually caused by insufficient drywall compound being applied in the taping process) and wrinkles, may occur because of improper techniques in applying the drywall compound to the tape; perhaps an inexperienced drywall taper.

4. Occasionally movement of the wood from moisture content changes, truss uplift, seasonal movement of the slab or foundation, settlement or expansive soil issues may affect the taping.

How to Fix a Bad Drywall Tape Job

Joints between pieces of drywall are masked by a combination of drywall compound and tape. Over time, changes in moisture, settling of the home or quite simply, a bad tape job can cause the tape to peel away from the joint, leaving a blemish on the wall. Though the problem is just cosmetic, you do need to make some real repairs that, after painting, will be nearly impossible to discern from the rest of the wall.

  • Remove any furnishings or other objects from the floor surrounding the area, and pull down any pictures or wall hangings nearby. Cover the floor beneath the damaged area with a drop cloth.
  • Lightly sand the area with the damaged drywall tape using a drywall sanding screen. Then make a 1/8-inch deep cut around the perimeter of the bad tape with a utility knife. Peel away the damaged tape and drywall compound with a putty knife. Gently scrape the area to be repaired to lift up and remove any additional loose bodies.
  • Apply a light coat of pre-mixed drywall compound to the area to be repaired, adding enough compound to work beyond the edges of the tape by a couple of inches in each direction. Cut a new piece of tape, and place it in position over the seam and drywall compound. Allow this compound to dry fully before proceeding.
  • Cover the tape and previous compound with another thin layer of compound, adding about 2 inches of width in every direction. Gently slide a 10-inch drywall knife across the entire joint to scrape away any excess joint compound. Allow this layer to dry thoroughly before proceeding.
  • Lightly scrape off any high points, then add a third layer of compound feathering another two inches in each direction. Allow this layer to dry thoroughly, then inspect the joint to see if you feel that a fourth or fifth layer should be added. If so, continue to add and feather new layers until the joint is smooth and even.
  • Go over the area with a sanding block of very fine sandpaper — 220-grit or higher — to give the area a final smoothing. Wipe the joint with your hand, and sand any high points until it is completely smooth. If any low points are evident, add another layer of joint compound and repeat.

Alternatives to Drywall Tape

Using paper drywall tape to cover the joints where two panels of drywall meet is standard in drywall finishing. But there are many alternatives out there, each with different advantages and disadvantages. Some types of tape work best only for very specific applications, so check the product packaging to make sure an alternative tape will work for your construction project before testing it.

Mesh Tape

Fiberglass mesh tape offers a few advantages. First, it is easy to use. Just tear a piece off the roll and lay it on a layer of wet joint compound. Wipe it flat with your drywall tool. Then let it dry.

The second advantage of fiberglass mesh tape is it conforms well to oddly-shaped surfaces. For example, if you want to reinforce a round edge, lay a piece of fiberglass mesh tape on it and smooth it flat. Paper drywall tape, on the other hand, wrinkles easily.

The chief disadvantage of fiberglass mesh tape is that joints covered in only mesh tape tend to crack over time. While mesh tape certainly reinforces the strength of the joint compound, it doesn’t provide as cohesive a bond with the joint compound as paper drywall tape does.

Vinyl-Paper Composite Tape

A newcomer on the scene, vinyl-paper composite tape has changed how difficult angles are finished. Years ago, drywall finishers would have to use a chalk line to establish a straight line across tough angles and crooked corners. But now drywall finishers simply cut a length of stiff, cardboard-like vinyl-paper composite tape and embed it in wet joint compound. The vinyl-paper composite tape forms a perfectly straight line, leaving even the toughest angles clean and sharp.

Vinyl-paper composite tape has two main disadvantages. First, it is very expensive. A single roll of the tape can cost $20 to $30. In contrast, paper drywall tape costs only $2 to $4, depending on brand. Second, vinyl-paper composite tapes tend to dislodge over time. Due to the tape’s stiffness, seasonal shifts in temperature and moisture levels cause vinyl-paper composite tapes to crack and separate from the joint compound they are embedded in.

Metal Tape

Metal tape is the best product for covering wide-angle outside joints. It consists of two strips of metal glued to a paper drywall tape. Although new vinyl-paper composite products are emerging in the drywall-supply market that claim to cover wide-angle joints just as well as metal tape, many professionals still use metal tape. It is relatively inexpensive compared to newer products, and easier to install. Just cover the outside angle with joint compound, place a length of metal tape over it, and pinch the metal tape into place. Apply a few heavy coats of joint compound, and the wide angle is finished.


Mesh drywall tape has a tacky backing, allowing it to be self-stuck to the wall. Paper tape needs to be embedded in a layer of joint compound. This means that mesh tape is easier for the average person to install on a flat length of wall.

Most paper tape also comes with a factory crease in the center. This allows the installer to fold the tape in half, forming a right angle that makes it extremely easy to cover inside or outside corners. It is possible to fold mesh tape, but it’s easy to get off center if done by hand. If you want to use mesh tape on corners, use a specialty mesh tape corner applicator, and hit it with setting compound immediately. Of course, metal-reinforced paper tape makes for even easier installation and a very resilient corner!

Racoon, A Problem And Pest

Raccoon Control

uses environmentally friendly Raccoon Control products as well as humane Raccoon Control methods to keep you and your children safe while performing the Raccoon Control job. Our knowledgeable pest technician will answer any questions you may have and explain to you every detail you need or want to know about the job. We are always friendly and we are here to help.

Females are looking for nesting places from Mid-March to late May. They love dark, quiet corners in attics, basements and crawl spaces found in houses, sheds, and barns

A mother will do anything possible to protect her newborn kits including producing a loud sharp screech followed by bites and scratches to any human or other animal such as a cat or dog who get too close near her nest.

This animal looks like:

Raccoons reside and have distinctive black facial masks and black striped tails. Adults have a whitish grey coat that sometimes turns yellow when shedding. They have short round ears and black eyes. They can grow up to three feet long and some weigh as much as thirty pounds. Raccoons are very good at climbing trees because their its long, sharp claws.

this pest is hunted for food and for sport. They have been known to carry roundworm, which is transmitted to humans through ingestion and inhalation of eggs passed in their feces. They can also sometimes carry rabies. While preyed upon by foxes, bobcats, coyotes and owls, the common raccoon is more frequently killed by cars and disease. It can often be rabid without showing any outward symptoms of the viral disease

Fast, Effective & Affordable Raccoon Removal

Raccoons are one of the most destructive types of pests that can invade your home. They have sharp teeth and claws and can get into just about anywhere. At best they might make a mess of your garbage as they scavenge for food, but at worst they can easily rip through the roof of your home and set up a nest in your attic.

Having raccoons can be big trouble. Aside from causing damage, they can also carry disease such as rabies, raccoon roundworm, and salmonella. They defecate and urinate pretty much anywhere, making the spread of disease that much more likely, especially if you have children. Raccoons will generally avoid confrontation with humans but can attack and injure family pets. But they can even attack humans if they are cornered!

trained technicians will trap any animals that are inside your home and safely remove them. We try to be as humane as possible – even though these pests can cause a lot of damage we still don’t want to hurt them.

Raccoons can be a pest, there’s no doubt about it. But that doesn’t mean that we want to hurt them, they’re just trying to survive! We believe in humane raccoon removal of the mother and the pups. We’ll carefully remove raccoons from your home and safely transport them far away so that they won’t come back. We’ll introduce them to a natural habitat with plenty of dense forestry and a good supply of water so they’ll be able to quickly re-establish themselves without any harm or stress.



This nocturnal animal is a frequent guest at many homes and buildings. You’ll find them searching through garbage cans or dumpsters looking for food. But of greater concern is that this animal may literally tear into an attic and nest there leaving droppings and making quite a bit of noise. In other instances, they may climb down into a chimney and nest near the damper.

This large animal, known for its distinctive “masked” face and beautiful fur, may grow to between 24″ and 48″ in length and weigh between 12 lbs. and 25 lbs..  A litter of raccoons may contain between three and six young.


Raccoon have opposable thumbs giving them greater dexterity compared to other pest animals and making them more formidable to deal with.  Control is dependent on the situation. Exclusion is very practical in many cases. For chimneys, chimney caps are available to prevent raccoons from entering there. Garbage cans with secured lids will discourage continued attacks on those items. Also, pruning back of trees from the structure may remove access to an attic and allow for repairs. 

Apply the DeTour Repellent on the openings and entry points where the small animals enter the buildings/attics. Another great idea is to place some plates with peanuts at a few different spots in the attic then apply the DeTour on the edge of the plate. The rodent / small animal will be attracted to the peanuts and while trying to eat them they come in contact with the Detour. This will get them to run out of the structure.

Note that many state and local governments regulate trapping of wild/nuisance animals – you may want to check with local authorities first.

Raccoon Removal Cost

How Much Does It Cost to Remove Raccoons?

Raccoons are nocturnal mammals easily identified by the black “mask” on their faces, small, stocky bodies, and striped tails. Raccoons are frequently found in areas such as chimneys and attics, particularly when a female is ready to give birth; they prefer the enclosed, warm, dry spaces that most homes can provide. Depending on food sources and access, you may also find raccoons in your porch or outbuildings. Removing raccoons should be done by a professional because these pests can spread disease and make an enormous mess in your home.

The average cost to remove raccoons ranges between $375-$625, with the average homeowner spending around $550 on traps, relocation, and basic cleaning of the area.

Raccoon Removal Cost by Method

Raccoon pest control strategies vary on a case by case basis. A pest technician must first assess your property to determine the location of the raccoon and how many of the wildlife are present. The total raccoon removal cost is usually inclusive of the inspection and the recommended treatments. If you do require any follow-up visits, that will cost an additional $150 or more. Usually, only a follow-up appointment is needed if you notice signs that the raccoon has returned, such as lawn damage or attic damage. The following are the three most common techniques used for raccoon removal.

Raccoon Traps

Raccoon traps are non-lethal devices that are strategically placed around your home or yard. Once the raccoon pest control specialist has determined where the raccoons are nesting, a baited trap is set. Once the raccoon enters the trap, a mechanism locks the door behind the creature to keep it safely inside until the pest technician returns. Fresh vegetables or meats are typical baits for raccoon traps. The average cost of trapping a raccoon is around $75 to $125 per trap.

Raccoon Relocation

Raccoon relocation is considered the humane way to remove raccoons from your property. After capturing the animal, technicians must return to your property and properly relocate the raccoon to an approved spot. They must be relocated at least ten miles away to keep them from returning to your yard. Raccoon relocation costs start at $100 to $175.

Nuisance Animal Control & Exclusion Service

As a result of urban growth, encounters with wildlife have become all too common for the average homeowner. But while it may be fun to see animals in their natural setting, having a skunk under your porch or a raccoon in your attic is not something anybody wants. If you come across wildlife residing in or around your home

Common Nuisance Animals

When the weather takes a turn for the colder, wild animals lose their natural food sources. It’s at this time that they tend to seek out warmth and shelter. Unfortunately for homeowners, sometimes the shelters they find are inside the walls or attics of their houses.

there are many nuisance animals that are known to invade homes, including:






While they very rarely inhabit homes, groundhogs, voles and moles are also considered nuisance wildlife, because they can dig up your yard and garden. Common nuisance birds include woodpeckers, sparrows and starlings.

The Threats Wildlife Pose

Like other pests, nuisance animals can wreak havoc on your home’s structure. Oftentimes, they’re carriers of diseases like rabies, tularemia, typhus and ringworm, and in some cases, even zoonotic viruses such as Ebola and Nipah. In addition to posing health concerns, these pests can chew through wires and wood, tear away insulation, and do a number on other housing materials

Three Practical Tips To Choose The Right Dentist

Warning Signs of a Bad Dentist

Maintaining good dental hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your body. Going to the dentist regularly is a crucial part of taking care of your teeth, especially since between 60% and 90% of school-aged children and almost 100% of adults have cavities around the world. You should find a dentist you can trust to help you get and keep the smile you deserve. If you’re in the market to find a dentist, but don’t know what to look for, you’re in luck. This article takes a closer look at some of the things you don’t want in a dentist.

Lack of Sanitary Procedure

If you go to your dental appointment and the dentist starts rummaging through drawers or touching the counters with their gloved hands before proceeding to try to touch your teeth, jump out of the chair immediately. You should also pay attention as to where the tools come from. Most dentists will open a sealed package of tools right in front of you. It’s important that your dentist keeps a sterile environment and takes the spreading of germs very seriously.

No Inquiry on Previous Dental Records

Another thing to look out for is the office not asking for your previous dental records. Any time you change dentists, the office should ask for your records before you even have your first appointment. Records provide a baseline for the continuation of your dental care and should be looked at before any additional work is done.

Outdated Technological Practices

The technology the dentist office is using is also a sign of how well they’re caring for their patients. Technology like digital x-rays is more efficient in detecting serious issues in your mouth and you should ensure the office is using the most up-to-date technology.

They don’t perform a comprehensive dental exam and history taking.

If the dentist you are seeking consultation with gets information about your current situation but leaves the previous dental accounts behind, it may be a good sign that he is a bad dentist who’s going to rip you off. Why? Because if he doesn’t know your dental history, he can request imaging and other dental laboratory tests needed to diagnose your problem correctly. This amount of information is redundant if he just requests your previous tests and come up with a solution based on those results.

They have a bad reputation.

‘Where there’s smoke, there is a fire’, or so they say. If a dentist is known to be a bad one, chances that he really could be are high. Despite the many dental ads they put on all social media outlets, if most of the reviews and feedback you get are negative, you can concur that they may be true.

Loads of expensive treatments

If you have little-to-no history of dental problems and a new dentist says you suddenly need thousands of dollars worth of treatments and procedures, you might be getting scammed. According to Vox, this is the most common pattern of fraud. Another red flag is the dentist pressuring you to act quickly but refusing to give details about why it’s medically necessary. Watch out for dentists who insist on replacing all of your old fillings, and be wary of unnecessary crowns, root canals, sealants, veneers, and fluoride treatments.

Deep teeth cleaning

Deep teeth cleaning, which can also be referred to as scaling or root planing, is a procedure normally reserved for patients with frequent gum infections or periodontal problems. If you don’t have either, don’t let your dentist pressure you into this expensive treatment, which usually is not covered by dental insurance. Deep teeth cleaning, which can cost upwards of $800, is a commonly cited red flag.

How Can I Protect Myself Against Dentistry Fraud?

Beware of In-Network

Insurance plans put incentives in place for in-network dentists, like the capitations I described above. When dentists become part of these networks, they agree to extremely low reimbursements for cleanings and exams, in exchange for a steady stream of patients.

To make up for it, some dentists will perform procedures that have a significant patient portion or heavily promote cosmetic work as being necessary.

Choose a Dentist Based on Referrals, Not Who Your Insurance Company Tells You to See

As with any other profession, the way to maximize your chances of having a good experience is by relying on the advice of others who’ve had a good experience.

If you’re new to the area, you can always ask for a recommendation from your local dental society or health professional. Don’t rely on the fact that a dentist is covered by your insurance plan; this is not the same thing as a referral.

The best referrals come from friends, family, and co-workers that have had procedures other than teeth cleanings at the dentist.

Stay Away from Practices That Advertise

Heavy advertising and deep discounts are come-ons. Billboards and TV advertisements should also make you wary. Advertising-driven offices often use deals as a way to get patients in the door and then pressure them to accept an expensive treatment plan.

I call this Wall Street Dentistry. Often, they’re corporate-owned chains, like Aspen Dental. These chains are like dental mills. They give you the free (quick) cleaning, the free cursory exam, and then tell you that you need $4,000 worth of unnecessary dental work.

Many of these franchise-based practices you see in ads rely on a quota-based work model. These sorts of incentives lead dentists to err on the side of extra treatment.

Look for a Name on the Door

Choose a clinic where the dentist has his or her name on the door, which often implies that personal ownership and that, reputation-wise, they have a lot to lose because their name is on the line (or the door). It’s easy to hide behind a sign that says “Big Smiles Dental.”

Ask for a Second Opinion

Even just observing a dentist’s reaction to being told you’d like a second opinion can be telling. If they truly have nothing to hide, they won’t discourage you.

Dental Office Red Flags

Visiting the dentist regularly can help prevent cavities and other oral health issues. Yet, when your dental carrier makes changes to your policy or you obtain a new job, you may need to find a new dentist. It can be difficult to choose a new dentist so most people ask family and friends for recommendations. Other people review online ratings or select a random name from the “approved” list on their dental plan. How can you tell if the dentist you picked is the right person for you? Here are some warning signs to be aware of when choosing a new dentist:

Dental records are not needed?

The new dentist should have requested your dental records from your old dentist before your scheduled appointment. If the new dentist is not concerned with getting those records, this can be a red flag. Most dentists like to track problems and look for changes so, having previous records, is a big help in spotting any issues that might be developing.

X-ray alert

A full set of dental x-rays should be taken no more than every two years. If a new dentist is pressuring you to get a full set of x-rays, even though you have recent x-rays as well as the associated risks of radiation, you should look for a new dentist. In addition, some dentists will falsely declare that it is illegal for them to treat a patient without taking x-rays first. Although it is not illegal, the dentist can refuse treatment. If that happens, you should follow the ADA guidelines on x-rays or offer to sign a waiver on the x-rays.

Beware of the cone-beam

The cone-beam x-ray is a new x-ray which takes a 3-D picture of your mouth. Although it is FDA approved, it delivers up to 18 times the amount of radiation that traditional dental x-rays deliver. Moreover, a standard x-ray can be just as effective and doesn’t cost a fortune. The best x-ray choice is digital x-rays because they give off less radiation than old-fashioned radiographs or films. They can also diagnose cavities which may not be found on the old films.

A bundle of expenses

The most common pattern of dental fraud is a new dentist telling a patient, with little to no history of dental problems, that they need an extensive amount of work. Some profit seeking dentists may become adamant about performing costly procedures such as root canals, sealants, unnecessary crowns and veneers. The dentist may even pressure you to get these treatments done in a timely fashion but avoids explaining why the treatments are medically necessary. Some dentists insist on replacing all your old fillings especially if silver fillings were used. According to the FDA, these filling are not dangerous and should not be removed unless they have begun to corrode or shrink away from the surface of the tooth which would allow bacteria to settle in. However, the vapors released from drilling out the mercury from the silver fillings can be more harmful than leaving them in.

Benefits Of Hiring An Commercial Electrical Maintenance


Emergency Electrical Services

When your home’s electrical equipment fails, you require a fast solution

electrical services include:

Generator installation and repair

Lighting installation

Panel and breaker upgrades

Switch and outlet repair and installation

Wiring and rewiring

Property management

Commercial electrical services

The Safe Choice for Electrical Repair

Electricity can be dangerous if handled improperly, so repairs should always be left to fully trained and experienced technicians

can diagnose and repair all types of electrical issues, including:

Buzzing, dimming, or flickering lights

Circuit breakers that frequently trip or frequent blown fuses

Outlets and switches that don’t work

Heat, smoke, or burning smells coming from your outlets or service panel

Electrical problems can quickly turn into serious fire hazards, so if you’re not sure of the condition of your wiring, it’s best not to leave anything to chance. A professional inspection can reveal any issues before they turn into potentially dangerous problems.

Commercial Electrician

Don’t Let Electrical Problems Decrease Your Productivity

Electricity is the one thing that every business needs to succeed and to thrive. If your business loses power, you lose business. A commercial electrician will make sure your computers, lighting, phones, internet, and fiber optic lines are functioning properly for maximum productivity.

Every minute that your business is unable to operate (or operate at full capacity) due to electrical issues is a minute wasted. The good news is that most of these interruptions of power are preventable. Our commercial electricians will help eliminate such issues by diagnosing problems and recommending solutions that are good for your schedule and your budget.

Do you have a bad electrical outlet in your home? Have you noticed a sudden surge in your electric bill? If so, there’s a good chance you have an electrical problem that needs to be addressed by a professional

every courteous and professional residential electrician on our staff will make sure the work is completed on time and to your satisfaction. Don’t risk your health and safety by trying to fix it yourself!

residential electrical safety inspections to give you the peace of mind you need with your largest investment. Our knowledgeable, courteous, and experienced residential electricians will give your home’s entire electrical system a thorough inspection, making sure everything is working properly for your safety. Once this inspection is complete

Commercial / Industrial Electrical Installations

Inviting Commercial and Industrial Installers

Commercial and industrial electrical installation work offers vast opportunities for companies and individuals involved with electrotechnical services.

Whether it involves the smallest lock-up shop unit, no bigger than a basic dwelling, or a large multi-million pound industrial complex, the basic need to provide a safe, efficient installation that complies with the necessary standards and legislation remains the same.

Compliance with BS 7671 in terms of electrical installation work, whilst in itself is not a legal requirement, will go a long way to providing proof and reassurance that the legal requirements imposed under the Electricity at Work Regulations have been accommodated.

Electrical Maintenance Service

Like most things, over time your home’s electrical system is subject to wear and tear. However, unlike a lot of other things, a poorly maintained electrical system can leave you and your family at risk!

A poorly maintained electrical system could also be costing you money if not running efficiently. To ensure optimum safety and efficiency, you need to have your electrical system inspected and maintained by a professional.

The fully trained and licensed technicians at Platinum Power & Air are electrical maintenance specialists. We can help with an inspection and test of your electrical system, and we can carry out any required maintenance to ensure your system is working as it should.

There could be many reasons why your electrical system is failing. If you notice any of the following in your home, your home could be at risk

To keep your home’s electrical system running safely, it’s important to keep it properly maintained. Platinum Power & Air specialises in service and maintenance of residential and commercial electrical systems.

Electrician Interview Questions and Answers

What safety procedures do you follow to protect yourself from electrical accidents?

This question helps you assess the candidate’s overall knowledge and whether they have the necessary skills for this particular position. You’ll be able to quickly gauge whether the applicant is new to this line of work or whether they are a seasoned electrician. You’ll also learn whether the candidate’s safety training is up to date and how familiar they are with recent changes in safety protocols

What do fuses and breakers do, and how are they different from each other?

This question allows you to test whether the candidate has the necessary knowledge to work at your company. It’s a quick way to weed out anyone who would not be suited to this line of work. You’ll learn whether the prospective electrician is competent and whether they are familiar with the latest types of electrical equipment. You’ll also learn which work environments they would be particularly qualified for

Ability to clearly explain differences between common electrical items Appropriate knowledge of equipment variations Familiarity with working with fuses and breakers

As an electrician, do you specialize in any particular areas of this field?

This question helps you learn more about an applicant’s education and experience. You’ll learn whether the candidate has any extra certifications, and you’ll also discover whether they have sufficient experience with the types of equipment and job sites that your workplace uses. For example, some applicants may have a lot of experience working in homes and very little commercial experience

While working on a team project, what would you do to solve a disagreement with a fellow electrician?

Electrical work can be a high-risk profession that frequently involves working as a team to maintain safety and meet deadlines. This question helps you evaluate whether the candidate has an attitude that will enable them to work well with your existing team. You’ll discover how independent they may be and whether they know when to ask for help. You’ll learn whether their conflict resolution strategies align with your values.

Commercial Roofing For Your Home

commercial roofer

you are visiting this page you are either trying to learn more about roofing or you have a roofing problem. Either way, welcome to Cougar Construction and Roofing. We know roofing is somewhat of a mystery and we are here to shed like to something things that will help you understand and make more informed decisions

Being a roofing contractor we have seen the best, the worst, and the ugly when it comes to repairing the damage. The thing we learned most is a lot of our customers underestimated or did not really know what roof damage was. Majority of people only recognize roof damage when there is a leak in the ceiling or a hole in the roof. Yes, that indeed is roof damage, BUT that is not the beginning nor the end. We tell our clients that roof damage is anything that compromised the integrity of your roof. That might seem broad, but that is because it is not a cut and dry issue

To take a step back for a bit, your roof is the main lines of defense from the outside elements; we all know that. Your shingles give your roof the protective layers that are needed. If one shingle is cracked, curling, loose or missing your roof is compromised AND you have roof damage. Once you understand those facts you can begin to look at things differently. It almost forces you to become proactive rather than reactive. Meaning you do not wait for things to suddenly go wrong, you make sure everything is working the best you can so that they do not go wrong. Subsequently, if things should go wrong you have lessened the impact saving you time and money. This sounds like a lot, but that is only because you may not have looked at your roof in this light.

If you are looking for a Lakewood commercial roofer, the same rules somewhat apply to you too. Sure your roofing material is different than residential, but being proactive is key. You should also know how your roof is constructed. Is it single ply or Asphaltic? Additionally, you should know about coating and insulation


My Home Improvements (MHI) is one of the leading suppliers of Roofing Services. We do everything from Roof Restorations, Roof Replacements, New Roofs, Repairs and Roof Inspections. MHI Roofing are fully QBCC Licenced and members of the Housing Industry Association (HIA). This means we can fully guarantee all our workmanship and products for your absolute peace of mind.

Roof Restorations(Re-Coating)

We can restore your roof so it looks new again – Metal Roofs, Tile Roofs and Terracota roofs can be made to look like new again.  We can Repair your roof, replace broken tiles, rescrew rusty nails and then coat your roof with  “Nutech” an awarding roof coating system designed to withstand the tough environment. We can restore Tile and Metals roofs. Checkout our portfolio of roof restorations.

Roof Replacements

There are a number of circumstances where it is better to replace a roof than just perform a serious of small repairs. Your roof could be damaged by using poor materials, bad workmanship, poor maintenance or environment circumstance. The good news is that a new roof will look great, add value to your property, protect your home, reduce cooling and heating costs.

Roof Repairs

We have a full team of roofing professionals that can help you with your immediate needs such as leaking roofs, small damage such as cracked tiles, issues with sealants and flashings. We can even deal with issues such as solar fixtures and mountings, skylights and anything else up on your roof.

Roof Inspections

A professional roof inspection is the only way to properly diagnose any potential problems with your roof before things get any worse. MHI Roofing are fully licensed roofing contractors with over 20 years experience. We are experts in identifying the causes behind simple and complex roofing problems


What to look for in a commercial roofing company

You have several choices when it comes to finding a commercial roofing contractor in Louisiana, and it can be difficult to narrow things down. Your roof is a major investment, and you want to make sure you choose the contractor that can provide the best possible services for your needs. We are a renowned, trusted commercial roofer, and we provide full service, from commercial roof repair and replacement to new construction installation.

Make sure your contractor is licensed and has insurance

Roofing contractors need to be registered with the government, so the first thing you should do is check to make sure that they are properly licensed. It’s also crucial that they have insurance to protect their workers while they are on the job. If they don’t have insurance, your business could be held liable for any injuries or accident that happen while they are working on your roof.

Look for someone in your local community

Finding a contractor who is local to where you are based will make a big difference when it comes to the ease of getting your project done. A locally based contractor will be completely familiar with the requirements of your climate and the type of architecture that’s common in your area. This will enable them to give you better advice about the materials and structure you should use

Choose someone with experience

The more experienced your roofing contractor is, the more peace of mind you will have. When selecting a contractor, look to see what types of projects they have done in the past. Ideally, you should choose someone who has completed projects that are similar to what you need for companies like yours in the past. Look for a contractor who has worked with businesses operating to a similar budget as you, and don’t be afraid to ask for examples of their past work in their portfolio to get an idea of what they have to offer

Ultimately, you need to go with your gut when choosing a roofing contractor for your commercial project. Don’t be afraid to interview several different contractors until you find the one that you feel is the best fit.

When to Get a Commercial Roof Inspection

Protecting a commercial roof ensures longevity and health for all buildings. For businesses, in specific, it also helps to protect business owners from liability and it allows the business to operate efficiently and effectively without setbacks or interruption. For this reason, it’s usually a good idea to have a commercial roof routinely assessed or evaluated to ensure there are no needed repairs or replacements. By having your commercial roof inspected regularly, you’ll always be up-to-date on the current status of the roof. In addition

That said, if you’re looking for a commercial roof repair or replacement, roofing projects typically begin with a thorough inspection, as well. So you may be thinking, okay, when is the best time to get a commercial roof inspection complete

Commercial roof functionality

A commercial roof is a roof that is designed to shield a commercial property from the elements. Most commercial roofs are flat, and they are designed for practicality and durability, rather than aesthetics. Since most commercial roofs are flat, they give the owner of the commercial property more space to work with, for things like storage and setting up maintenance systems for the property.

In essence, a commercial roof is a roof that is designed to shield a commercial property from the elements. Some of the most common types of commercial property are properties such as retail stores, office buildings, and apartments. Each one of those commercial properties requires a roof that is durable and functional, so that it can protect the interior of the property from things like snow and rain.

Most commercial roofs are flat, which is unlike the majority of residential roofs. More often than not, flat roofs are stronger than sloped roofs, which makes them better for protecting valuable commercial property. Along with that, however, is the fact that flat roofs give the owner of the commercial property more space to work with. The space on the roof can be used for storage, for example, while also serving as an easy place for things like drainage and HVAC systems to be set up.

Things You Need To Know When Replacing Your Roof

Because new roofing systems typically last 20 to 30 years, replacing your roof is a pretty serious decision. That’s why you shouldn’t take planning and preparation lightly. When it comes to a new roofing installation, you have more options than ever to make sure you’re getting the most out of your budget.

Measure First

The best place to begin is by measuring your roof. Unless you have a clear idea of the square footage of your roof, you can’t be confident that you won’t end up paying more than you have to. A reliable roofing contractor will provide accurate measurements so that you only buy the materials you need. Once you have the exact measurements of your roof, you can more easily determine which materials and roofing options you want and fit within your budget.


Have you considered re-roofing? Re-roofing over your existing roof system requires less work than removing your old roof to install a new one. Although this option may be cheaper than a brand new installation, it can result in additional problems in the long run. For example, heat or moisture may build up between the old and new materials, resulting in more severe damage.


With a new commercial roof, there are more material options than ever before. There are no one-size-fits-all roofing systems. That’s why we recommend that you research all of your options to find an optimal solution for your needs. Selecting the right material is about finding a balance between longevity, your facility’s needs, and budget. A quality roofing contractor can work with your unique needs, goals, and budget to help you decide on the ideal roofing material for your situation.


As you’re planning for a new roof replacement, it’s also a good idea to check that your ventilation systems are working as they should be. Proper ventilation can help extend the life of your new roof system by regulating temperature and moisture. Before replacing your roof, ensure that you have the appropriate ventilation measures in place to protect your investment.

Reasons To Hire Professional Move Out Cleaning Services

Move Out Cleaning: What to Clean Before Moving Out

Here’s how to move out and what you need to clean before you do

You’ve snagged a deal on a new place and you’ll never have to look at your old apartment again; you’re moving out! Well, once you’ve completed your move out cleaning, of course.

Most renters don’t pay close attention to the details of moving out of their space when they move into their apartment, but most leases stipulate that, before handing over your keys on move-out day, you need to clean your apartment or risk losing a portion of your security deposit. So before you say goodbye to your old place, here’s what your move out cleaning needs to involved.

Refer to Your Lease

The best way to get started is to find your lease and locate the portions that involve any move out cleaning information. There might already be language in your lease that stipulates what exactly you have to pay for or clean before moving out.

For example, it’s not uncommon for a landlord of a large multi-unit complex to automatically charge tenants for carpet cleaning, blinds cleaning, and in some cases, even carpet replacement when moving out. Some leases have the exact amount specified in the lease, while others will depend on which company the landlord uses for this service.

Speak to Your Landlord

If you have any questions at all that your lease doesn’t cover, you should speak to your landlord and clarify how thorough your move out cleaning needs to be. Getting an idea of their cleaning expectations will help you prioritize your cleaning.

In most cases, you will be on the hook for the move out cleaning. Do a great job and leave everything as it was when you moved in and you’ll have a better chance of getting your security deposit back. If you do a sub-par job, the landlord may be legally allowed to hire a cleaning crew and charge you for the cost.

Talk to your landlord about how thorough of a job you’ll need to do, and know ahead of time if you’re responsible for the move out cleaning or if they’ll be hiring cleaners regardless. If they will be hiring a cleaning service, get an estimate in writing of how much it will cost you.

If You’re Responsible, Make Sure You Really Clean

Most landlords define “clean” as sparkling, brand-new, and barely able to tell the unit was recently inhabited. This means that if you’re cleaning it yourself, you’ll need to be thorough in your cleaning – very thorough.

Here are some Suggestions:

First: Do Small Repairs or hire a Handyman.

Making repairs before moving out is a balancing act. Odds are that your landlord will charge you more to fix something than it would cost to do it yourself, but don’t overdo it. Only make repairs you can do quickly and cheaply. For example, don’t fix anything that came broken and don’t improve another person’s property for the sake of your security deposit.

Make small and easy repairs, including:

Patch Holes. Use putty and some paint to patch up any holes you made hanging pictures or curtains.

Paint. If you painted any room in the rental, paint it back to its original color.

Replace Light Bulbs and Batteries. Add light bulbs to any burned out fixtures and check the batteries in the smoke detector.

Make the Stove Look New. If you burned anything on the pans below the burners, replace them rather than clean them. These only cost a few dollars at a hardware store.

Make the Bathroom Shine. Use a bleach pen or white paint to touch up any stains or marks you caused in the sink or bathtub.

Also Take Your Stuff

If you leave anything behind, especially something big, the landlord will have to hire someone to remove it, which will come out of your security deposit. Double and triple check storage areas, closets, drawers, and cabinets before you leave for the last time.

Return Your Keys

Many tenants forget this step and it costs them. When you’re finally out of your rental, contact your landlord and set up a time to drop off the keys. Make sure you give him everything you have, including gate and mailbox keys. Otherwise, the landlord will charge you a replacement fee for every key you take with you.

Be Careful with the Walls. A lot of renters use expandable brackets to brace large pictures and furniture to the walls. But these brackets often leave large holes when you remove them later. If at all possible, find a less damaging way to display your decor.

Keep the Rental in Good Shape. Treat the space like it’s your own property and not “just a rental.” Keep it clean and in good condition while you’re living there. For example, clean up spills on the counters and floors immediately and be particularly careful with light-colored carpets and counters that can stain easily. Treat appliances with respect so they remain in good working order when it’s time to move out.

Pay Your Rent on Time. Make sure you have your rent check to your landlord by the due date each month. This is the single easiest way to get and stay in good graces with your landlord. He may also be more forgiving of small wear and tear you cause if you maintain a good relationship.

Move-Out Inspection. Ask your landlord to complete a move-out inspection with you after you’ve moved your belongings and cleaned the apartment. Have the landlord explain any damages. If pre-existing damages are noticed, show your landlord the list you agreed on in your move-in inspection as well as the photos you took. You can offer to fix new damages yourself or try to negotiate down the cost of the deduction from your security deposit. Get any agreements in writing so your landlord won’t be tempted to renege on them.

What to clean in your apartment bedroom when moving

As the bedroom will not be visited often during the last days of the moving, begin your cleaning there:

  • Hoover and wipe all dust from all areas including those hard to reach spots such as behind and under the bed, wardrobe, nightstand, desk and other furniture;
  • Dust and clean the windows, blinders, curtains, curtain rails, door frames, light fittings, picture frames etc. Careful with washing dry clean curtains only.
  • Remove any fingerprints or other stains on the mirrors, doors, window sills, handles and other shiny or reflective surfaces and decoration;
  • Look for cobwebs and remove them, every inch of your apartment should be spotless;

Pro tip: Liberate Windows from Smudges and Dust

Grab a bucket with soapy water, since you can expect lots of hidden dirt to reveal its true, messy colours. You should also wipe the window sills and their underside area to ensure that your windows pass the “finger swipe” test.


When it’s time to move, it’s also time to clean. Not only should you clean the place you’re leaving, but you should also clean your new home. Moving into a new and clean home is a great feeling. Here are some of the things you should consider when it comes to cleaning the home you’re leaving and your new home.


If you’re moving out of a rental, you want to clean the necessary areas to ensure you get your deposit back, or at least most of it. Those moving from a home they have sold should also clean as a courtesy to the new owners. A few cleaning tasks you should consider include:

  • Remove all screws and nails from the walls and putty the hole.
  • Dust everything including ledges and ceiling fixtures
  • Clean the windows
  • Clean all doors and door knobs
  • Clean the outlets and light switches
  • Vacuum (if the carpet has stains have it professionally cleaned)
  • Thoroughly clean the bathrooms
  • Clean everything in the kitchen including the refrigerator
  • Dust, sweep, mop and vacuum any empty rooms

If you do have an outside as a part of your rental or house, cut the grass and sweep out the garage.

Hiring a Cleaner

If you don’t have the time or energy to conduct a thorough deep cleaning, it’s a good idea to hire a professional cleaning company. They can do it for you. Professional cleaning costs will vary depending on the size of your home and your needs.

The average cost of professional house cleaning services is $25 – $50 per hour of cleaning. Additional cleaning tasks including windows, carpet cleaning, cleaning storage areas, and other duties may cost more.

Choosing A Used Car Dealer Or Private Seller

5 Car Dealer Scams That Should Be on Every Consumer’s Radar

Everyone loves shopping for a new car. Actually, no one does. It’s right up there with looking for an apartment in the cold of winter or pricing caskets. The only part that’s fun is test-driving a car you know you would never buy. But that’s not really shopping. That’s borrowing someone’s car for a joy ride.

When it comes to comparing model specs, looking for discounts, factoring in finance terms, understanding fuel economy quotes, and looking at resale value (matching pre-owned versus new models), there is little to love about the car buying process. It only gets worse when an unethical auto dealer is trying to put one over on you. Then it’s anarchy. Here’s a look at the scams you should be ready to avoid.

The lost financing scam

Signing a deal for a new car is foolish if you don’t have loan terms locked in already. Leaving the dealership in a new car with on-the-spot financing leaves you open to this scam. After a few weeks, you learn from the dealer that your loan application was rejected. Now you have to accept a higher annual percentage rate (APR) on the dealer’s new loan because the original rate is no longer available.

The ‘your credit sucks’ scam

In this scam, dealers suggest your credit has seen better days, downgrading it by a hundred or so points. That gives them the right to give you a worse financing deal and pick up some extra cash on the loan. Of course, this scam is easily avoidable if you check your credit before you head into a dealership. When the dealer says he wanted you to get a better deal but your credit score was 640, you can call him out on the lie. Before you left the cozy confines of your home, your saw your credit rating was higher.

Car dealer never pays off trade-in loan

Trading in a car with a loan balance opens you up to some risks. shows where it’s most dangerous: when a car dealer “forgets” to pay off the loan and you are stuck with the balance because you never got the paperwork. A car ought to be paid off in full if you are trading it in or otherwise be sold to a buyer on the open market. Dealers would be especially shady if they tried this scam, but it has been done in the past.

The co-signer scam

Let’s say you are having trouble getting a loan for your car, for whatever reason. A dealer might suggest you just get a co-signer to obtain approval and head down the road. That solution might sound appealing until you realize that the co-signer with good credit ended up being the only one with the loan. It’s a scam because you wouldn’t have gotten the car without that loan and wouldn’t have gotten the loan without someone else’s credit. Catch this one before it’s too late by reading paperwork carefully. The co-signer is the one at risk.

The ‘online lenders are deadbeats’ scam

If you roll into the dealership with a pre-approval and blank check from an online lender, you should be on your merry way once you choose the right automobile. Unfortunately, you may find your dealer refusing to accept the check because he claims online lenders are deadbeats who always bounce them. Then he will hit you with a loan package at a higher APR. His scam is convincing you other people are trying to scam him. It’s creative, but you can blow up the scam by walking out on the deal.

Scams Used By Devious Car Dealers — And How To Avoid Them

Lies, Lies, and More Lies

The Scam: The majority of car salesmen I interacted with have lied about small things: That color is not available; there are only three left state-wide; the price is good only for today; someone else is interested in the car, better decide quickly, etc.

What To Do: Take your time and be patient when shopping for a car. Don’t rush into anything, especially based on what a salesman tells you. Just treat salesmen fairly and take everything they say with a grain of salt.

Shell Games

The Scam: The salesperson finds out what your hot buttons are and exploits them. If you have a trade-in, and they know you want a certain price for it, they will offer you what you want, but at the same time will raise the price of the new car.

If they know you want a certain monthly payment, they’ll make sure you get that, but they will extend the loan term so you end up paying more over the long-term. There are all kinds of shell games that happen at dealerships.

What To Do: Negotiate each portion of your car purchase separately. Shop your trade-in to multiple dealers, shop for an auto loan among multiple lenders, compare new car prices with multiple dealers. Don’t let them bundle everything into one big deal.

Bait and Switch

The Scam: The dealer advertises a car with a great price, but when you show up at the dealership, they say it’s already been sold. They then try to get you to buy a more expensive vehicle. The whole point of a bait-and-switch ad is to get you to the showroom.

What To Do: Call the dealership just prior to visiting to confirm they still have the vehicle in stock. If so, ask them to email or fax you a signed statement indicating that the vehicle is still in stock and available for sale.

Try to avoid spending all day at the dealership.

Buying a new car is a big financial decision. It’s also an emotional one.

People spend a lot of time in their cars. It becomes emotional because it becomes part of our identity.”This works against you in the car dealership, and salespeople know it. You forget that you can get up and walk away at any moment.

Less scrupulous car salespeople will “lose” the keys to your trade-in. They’ll claim they have to get the car you want from an offsite lot. Or they might be detailing the car they want to show you The longer you stay at the dealership, the more likely you are to get tired and hungry. You just want to go home. If they wear you down enough, you’ll say yes to everything. That’s when you are susceptible to an upsell you might regret later.

If you want to make a good financial decision, leave your emotions out of it. Don’t be afraid to walk away and come back later, no matter how much you like the car.

Loading Payments

One of the most classic tricks that dealerships try to pull on you is “loading” your payments. By quoting you with an APR higher than what you’ll actually end up with, you can end up paying extra without even knowing it! An excellent way to avoid this happening to you is by arming yourself with information and knowledge. Arriving at a Harker Heights car dealership with pricing information on the vehicles you’re interested in will allow you to stay a step ahead. However, if you do let a dealer find out you can be conned by this scam, they’ll keep trying to add on more and more fees until you’re paying an arm and a leg. An educated consumer is one that leaves satisfied, which is why you should always come prepared and stand your ground when searching for used cars for sale near you.

Dealer Prep Fee

A common thing many shoppers also tend to encounter when it comes to scams is an auto dealer prep fee. Most manufacturers pay dealers right off the bat for prep fees on a vehicle, which makes them seem quite suspicious. If you’re not interested in having to pay thousands more for unnecessary fees, make sure that you pay attention to each charge on the final contract. Although this is primarily something to worry about with new car dealerships, McLeod wants everyone to make sure they never get taken for a ride when buying or financing!



The number of scams involving car dealers has been on a steady rise in Singapore. Even if they don’t make the headlines, it is a well-known fact that dealing with a car dealer automatically incurs a premium. I mean, how else are these people expected to make a living for themselves? Dealers are not the only one to blame. We, as consumers, should also take the responsibility of knowing what the precautionary steps needed when dealing with a car dealer are. Don’t know how to deal with car dealer? Below are some simple steps to always remember whenever you come face to face with a car dealer.


This is one mistake many people always make. They don’t ask for the log card after they have completed the transaction of their cars. The purpose of the log card is to ensure that YOU are the owner of the car as the log card states clearly who the owner of the car is. If you didn’t manage to get the log card from the dealer, you can simply log into one.motoring and use your SingPass to check. If you don’t see your name under the car in a week, you better start calling as something might be up. Transfers usually take place within a week!


Here is a list of things you should always have wirh you, although this is by no means extensive

  • Sales and Purchase Agreement (shows that you bought the particular car unit)
  • Payment Receipt (containing the number of transfer and the detailed car mileage)

These two points will affect the future resale value of your car so make sure that the car you get after your paper work is finally processed does not get modified. You do not want an additional transfer costs or mileage added to your car


Have a checklist of documents you need to sign or take note of. Any additional document that you sign can be used as leverage against you, so never never never sign documents under pressure. Don’t overlook it.  Also, a good habit would be to photocopy every document you sign or return to the dealer.


Don’t we all hate that small little font at the bottom of the page? However, don’t overlook it. Look out for any penalties imposed, or any additional “admin fees or loopholes.


Make sure that you request for the loan application form. If you don’t, you might be applying for a loan higher than you would otherwise have been willing to and eventually have to spend a longer time and more money trying to repay your loan.


Ensure that there is proper handover of liability. The dates, time and name must be accurately detailed on the form.


At Carro, our core principle is transparency. We help customers by guiding them through buying or selling process.